Tennis Court Dimensions & Layout Diagram

Tennis Court Size: Tennis is a game that is played and enjoyed by millions of people around the globe. It is one of those games which attract the best of spectators. The game is played both professionally and recreationally. The earliest origins of the game tennis can be traced back to the 12th century in France where this game was initially played with the striking of a ball with the palm of a hand. It was until the 16th century that racquets were used for the first time and the game began to be known as tennis, the French old word “Tenez” which could be translated to as Hold, receive or take. At that time tennis was particularly played indoors and until the invention of lawn mower in 1830, it was begun to be played outside as well.


The four major championships in tennis today are referred to as the Grand Slam. The Grand slam comprises the Australian open, the French open, Wimbledon and the U.S open and all of these are regulated by the international tennis federation. Tennis can be played single or it can be played in doubles dimensions of a tennis court.

Tennis court is the venue where the sport of tennis is played. It is a firm surface rectangular in shape with a low net stretched across the center line of the court area. In this game a variety of surfaces can be used to create a tennis court, each having its own characteristics that affect the game play in certain ways.

The surface is usually grass, hard material or clay. The tennis court dimensions are defined and solely regulated by the international tennis federation and they are written down in the annual “rules of tennis” document.

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However the basic of tennis court dimensions are:

  • The tennis court dimensions

The court is 78 feet or 23.77 metres long and the width being 27 feet (8.23 metres) for a singles match and 36 feet (10.97 metres) for a doubles match.


  • The service line dimensions

The service line is 21 feet or 6.40 metres from the net. Additional clear space is required and is mandatory around the court area to play the game for a total of 60 feet or 18 metres wide and 120 feet or 37 metres long.

  • The net dimensions

The net is stretched across the full width of the court area in the middle, parallel with the base lines dividing it into two equal ends. The net is 3 feet and 6 inches in height form the ground level at the posts and 3 feet of height at the center. The net posts are however 3 feet outside the court.

  • The surfaces

The game of tennis is played on a variety of courts each having its own characteristics and affecting the game play in its own style. The international tennis federation rates the surfaces on five pace settings which are slow (category 1), medium slow (category 2), medium (category 3), medium fast (category 4) and fast (category 5). Of these the US open and the Australian open use the hard courts, the French open being played on clay and the Wimbledon is played on grass.

However tennis is played on a worldwide basis and is immensely popular among all the sections of the society. And even if all do not play, many watch the sport and follow it on a regular basis. Tennis is game that requires great energy, dedication and motivation. For doubles it is pure co-ordination between the players. Some tennis courts are also built on roof tops of high rise buildings which have hard material as the surface.

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